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142                               SHIPPING PRACTICE

MODIFICATION OF RULES 4 & 5 OF ART. Ill IN RELATION
TO BULK CARGO

5.  Where under the custom of any trade the weight of any
bulk cargo inserted in the bill of lading is a weight ascertained
or accepted by a third party other than the carrier or the
shipper and the fact that the weight is so ascertained or accepted
is stated in the bill of lading, then, notwithstanding anything
in the Rules, the bill of lading shall not be deemed to be prima
facie evidence against the carrier of the receipt of goods of the
weight so inserted in the bill of lading, and the accuracy thereof
at the time of shipment shall not be deemed to have been
guaranteed by the shipper.

6.  (i) This Act may be cited as the Carriage of Goods by
Sea Act, 1924.

(2)  Nothing in this Act shall affect the operation of sections
four hundred and forty-six to four hundred and fifty, both
inclusive, five hundred and two, and five hundred and three
of the Merchant Shipping Act, 1894, as amended by any
subsequent enactment, or the operation of any other enact-
ment for the time being in force limiting the liability of the
owners of seagoing vessels,

(3)  The Rules shall not by virtue of this Act apply to any
contract for the carriage of goods by sea made before such
day, not being earlier tha.it the thirtieth day of June, nineteen
hundred and twenty-four, as His Majesty may by Order in
Council direct, nor to any bill of lading or si mil ax document
of title issued, whether before or after such day as aforesaid,
in pursuance of any such contract as aforesaid.

RULES RELATING TO BILLS OF LADING
Article I, Definitions

In these Rules the following expressions have the meanings
hereby assigned to them respectively, that is to sayŚ

(a) "Carrier" includes the owner or the charterer who
enters into a contract of carriage with a shipper:

(6) "Contract of carriage" applies only to contracts of
carriage covered by a bill of lading or any similar document
of title, in so far as such document relates to the carriage of
goods by sea, including any bill of lading or any similar
document as aforesaid issued under or pursuant to a charter-
party from the moment at which such bill of lading or similar
document of title regulates the relations between a carrier
and a holder of the same:

(c) "Goods" includes goods, wares, merchandises, and
articles of every kind whatsoever, except live animals and
cargo which by the contract of carriage is stated as being
carried ou deck and is so carried:

(4) "Ship" means any vessel used for the carriage of
goods by sea: